Tutorials

Basic Mouse Input

Move the mouse to move the cube around, press the mouse buttons to change the color of the cube

Mouse handling in the PlayCanvas engine is provided by the pc.Mouse object. The Mouse object provides a simple interface for detecting when the mouse is moved or when mouse buttons are pressed. It also removes some of the cross-browser inconsistancies with handling mouse co-ordinates.

Take a look at the tutorial project. Here is the code from mouse.js:

var Mouse = pc.createScript('mouse');

Mouse.attributes.add('redMaterial', {
    type: 'asset',
    assetType: 'material'
});

Mouse.attributes.add('greenMaterial', {
    type: 'asset',
    assetType: 'material'
});

Mouse.attributes.add('blueMaterial', {
    type: 'asset',
    assetType: 'material'
});

// initialize code called once per entity
Mouse.prototype.initialize = function() {
    this.pos = new pc.Vec3();

    // Disabling the context menu stops the browser displaying a menu when
    // you right-click the page
    this.app.mouse.disableContextMenu();

    // Use the on() method to attach event handlers.
    // The mouse object supports events on move, button down and
    // up, and scroll wheel.
    this.app.mouse.on(pc.EVENT_MOUSEMOVE, this.onMouseMove, this);
    this.app.mouse.on(pc.EVENT_MOUSEDOWN, this.onMouseDown, this);
};

Mouse.prototype.onMouseMove = function (event) {
    // Use the camera component's screenToWorld function to convert the
    // position of the mouse into a position in 3D space
    var depth = 10;
    var cameraEntity = this.app.root.findByName('Camera');
    cameraEntity.camera.screenToWorld(event.x, event.y, depth, this.pos);

    // Finally update the cube's world-space position
    this.entity.setPosition(this.pos);
};

Mouse.prototype.onMouseDown = function (event) {
    // If the left mouse button is pressed, change the cube color to red
    if (event.button === pc.MOUSEBUTTON_LEFT) {
        this.entity.model.meshInstances[0].material = this.redMaterial.resource;
    }

    // If the left mouse button is pressed, change the cube color to green
    if (event.button === pc.MOUSEBUTTON_MIDDLE) {
        this.entity.model.meshInstances[0].material = this.greenMaterial.resource;
    }

    // If the left mouse button is pressed, change the cube color to blue
    if (event.button === pc.MOUSEBUTTON_RIGHT) {
        this.entity.model.meshInstances[0].material = this.blueMaterial.resource;
    }
};

Accessing the mouse

Mouse control is managed by the pc.Mouse object. The framework provides an instance of this on the application app which is available to all script objects as:

this.app.mouse

Disabling the right-click menu

In the constructor for our script object we disable the right-click menu to stop it popping up when we click the right mouse button.

this.app.mouse.disableContextMenu();

Binding to events

The pc.Mouse object allows you to listen to different events corresponding to mouse actions. In the tutorial, we are binding the method onMouseMove to the move event and onMouseDown to the button down event.

Notice how we also pass this into the on() method for binding to events. This third argument is the object that is used as this in the event callback.

this.app.mouse.on(pc.EVENT_MOUSEMOVE, this.onMouseMove, this);
this.app.mouse.on(pc.EVENT_MOUSEDOWN, this.onMouseDown, this);

Events available on pc.Mouse are:

Mouse input in browsers is usually implemented by listening to DOM events on elements in your page's DOM. The problem is that different browsers implement the events slightly differently and supply different values. In order to simplify the code you write the PlayCanvas engine allows you to bind your event handlers to the PlayCanvas mouse handler instead of directly the DOM Element. The engine supplies a pc.MouseEvent object when the event fires which is consistant across all browsers. If you do need the original DOM event, it is available as the event property in pc.MouseEvent.

Moving the mouse

The first event handler is onMouseMove. This is fired whenever the mouse moves. For an EVENT_MOUSEMOVE event, the MouseEvent object will have the current position of the mouse x and y and also the change in position since the last event in dx and dy. In our tutorial we're using the current position of the mouse and moving the cube to the cursor position.

Mouse buttons

The second event handler is onMouseDown. This is fired whenever one of the three mouse buttons is clicked. In the EVENT_MOUSEDOWN and EVENT_MOUSEUP events, the MouseEvent object will have a button property which contains the button that has been pressed/released. It can be one of the following values:

In our tutorial, we're changing the color of the cube depending on which mouse button was pressed.

Try it out

Try the tutorial in full screen here or at the top of the page. Move the mouse to move the cube and click the left, middle and right mouse button to change the color of the cube.